What is Law?


The law is a system of rules that a society recognizes as regulating the actions of its members. It includes written and unwritten laws, and is usually organized into a legal system with courts and police. It influences politics, economics and history in many ways, and provides a framework for people to understand their rights and interact with each other.

Law is a complex subject and there are many different types. For example, criminal law concerns how the government punishes people who break the rules. Civil law helps people to make claims for compensation when they have been harmed, such as in car accidents or defamation cases. The study of law also encompasses constitutional law, which involves the interpretation of a constitution and the separation of powers between the different branches of government.

The most well-known law is probably the constitution of a country, which sets out the basic principles that govern the country. Most countries have a constitution for their overall structure, and then have further laws to set out details of how the country should work. This gives the country a framework to help people work out issues, and it means that people can go to court for disputes about how things should be done.

Other types of law include administrative law, which deals with the day-to-day running of a country. This covers things like the tax system, employment law and how companies should be run. Intellectual property law protects the rights that people have over things they create, such as art and music. Trust law is about the way money is saved for retirement or other purposes, and it also covers how banks should be managed. Labour law deals with the relationship between an employer, a worker and trade unions, and this is regulated by government laws. The law also covers how people use each other’s property, and this is governed by the law of copyright and trademark.

Most of the laws that people use in their daily lives are decided by judges, who interpret the meaning of the constitution and other laws, or a combination of these and the common law. Judges are trained to make decisions that are fair and balanced, and they try to be impartial in the way that they decide cases. However, there is often debate about whether judges should be above politics and not express their own views when making the law.